Early springs surprise many species
Daffodils bloom during the 46th annual Thriplow Daffodil Weekend in Cambridgeshire, England. Festival organizers have had to move the date up 26 days to coincide with an earlier bloom. All photos courtesy Thriplow Daffodil Weekend/facebook.
April 8, 2014
As seasonal change suffers ever more disruption, many species are struggling to adapt quickly enough. Flower festival organizers are getting caught up in the tangle, too.
A Climate at Your Doorstep story
By Tim Radford
Climate News Network
Editor's Note: "Climate at Your Doorstep" is an effort by The Daily Climate to highlight stories about climate change impacts happening now. Find more stories like this here.
LONDON – Spring is arriving earlier – maybe not this year for North America, but the trend is clear. This is not welcome news for Arctic creatures or the roe deer of France. And it could be awkward for flower festival organizers as well.
Julienne Stroeve of the United States' National Snow and Ice Data Center and colleagues will report in the journal Geophysical Research Letters that the length of the Arctic melt season is growing by several days each decade. When the melt starts earlier, the Arctic Ocean absorbs more radiation: Enough in some places to melt four feet in thickness from the Arctic ice cap.
"The lengthening of the melt season is allowing for more of the sun's energy to get stored in the oceans and increase ice melt during the summer, overall weakening the sea ice cover," Stroeve said. The Arctic sea ice has now been in decline for four decades.
The seven lowest September sea ice extents in the satellite record have all occurred in the last seven years. A new examination of satellite imagery and data from 1979 to the present shows that the Beaufort and Chukchi seas are freezing up between six and 11 days later per decade. But the earlier melt is more ominous than the later freeze: The sun is higher and brighter, and delivers more warmth to the seas.
Flower festival headaches
The earlier spring presents no problems for many plants but it may not be much fun for the organizers of flower festivals who like to announce their events well in advance. Tim Sparks of Coventry University reports in the journal Climate Research that over its 46-year history, the Thriplow Daffodil Weekend in Cambridgeshire in eastern England has been forced to bring its dates forward by 26 days.
The event can attract up to 10,000 visitors, and has raised £300,000 ($500,000) for charity, so it clearly helps the organizers to set up some advance publicity. Since 1969, mean temperatures in March and April in the UK have risen by 1.8°C.
"The study represents one of the first solid pieces of evidence of flower tourism having to adapt to climate change," said Sparks. "The issues faced by Thriplow are a microcosm of the wider picture."
Flower festivals may be able to adapt. The roe deer of Champagne have yet to get the message about climate change. To flourish, both nectar seekers and herbivores have to time their breeding patterns to the surge in plant growth.
Three French scientists looked at records of a population of roe deer in the Champagne region of France and found that although spring has been arriving increasingly earlier, the fawns are being born at around the same dates as 27 years ago. Their survival rate is falling, they report in the Public Library of Science journal PLOS Biology. Overall, the roe deer population in the region is in decline.
Great tits, a small songbird, have kept up with climate change, because reproduction is cued by temperature: they are raising young at the same time as the explosion in food sources. But the roe deer's biological clock is set by day length, the authors think, and this is not affected by climate change.
Tim Radford is an editor at Climate News Network, a journalism news service delivering news and commentary about climate change for free to media outlets worldwide.
The Daily Climate is an independent, foundation-funded news service covering energy, the environment and climate change. Find us on Twitter @TheDailyClimate or email editor Douglas Fischer at dfischer [at] DailyClimate.org
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